Lived approx. 1643 to 1727, England
"If I have been able to see further, it was only because I stood on the shoulders of giants."
Newton in a letter to Robert Hooke
Newton's epitaph: "Who, by vigor of mind almost divine, the motions and figures of the planets, the paths of comets, and the tides of the seas first demonstrated."
"I know not what I appear to the world, but to myself I seem to have been only like a boy playing on the sea-shore, and diverting myself in now and then finding a smoother pebble or a prettier shell, whilest the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered before me." Quoted in D Brewster, Memoirs of Newton
"Truth is ever to be found in the simplicity, and not in the multiplicity and confusion of things."
Famous for inventing calculus along with Leibniz.
Author of The Principia, the most important scientific work ever written.
Newton Biography at MacTutor http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Biographies/Newton.html
Links and Activities
CyberChase Function game for approx. Gr. 3-5 - MONSTER FROG FUNCTION MACHINE
The most comprehensive and accessible resource for younger kids I have seen that explains the ideas of calculus in comprehensible terms is Don Cohen's Calculus by and for Young People The website can be a bit difficult to navigate, but there are excellent resources here. Sample problems can be found here:
Examples of how children have used the lessons in original work are found here:
Puzzles and activities for all ages that relate to calculus ideas are found here:
This is a site that contains many teacher support videos. This link has several videos that describe what a function is, and functions are fundamental to calculus and physics.
Function machine game - from simple to more complex http://www.amblesideprimary.com/ambleweb/mentalmaths/functionmachines.html
The Science Spot Physics Lessons for Kids http://www.sciencespot.net/Pages/classphys.html
NASA Site for Newton's Laws of Motion http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/newton.html
Zoom Astronomy Enchanted Learning http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/astronomy/glossary/Newton.shtml
This is a very good site for Newton's physics developed for elementary / middle school: http://www.can-do.com/uci/ssi2001/newtonsphysicsnb.html
Sir Isaac Newton and His Laws Activities http://www.caosclub.org/members/caosho9.html
Light, Prisms, & the Rainbow
1,2,3,Isaac Newton & Me (HS Level)
Newton Quiz on Laws of Motion http://www.quia.com/jq/19675.html
Newton's “Cradle” - Did you know that those toys of colliding balls were invented by Newton? A picture can be found here:
Soccer on the Moon - What would happen if you played soccer on the moon?